Also known as the ‘Eastern Gateway of Rajasthan’, Bharatpur was established by Maharaja Suraj Mal in the year 1733. It was the erstwhile region of Jat Maharajas and was situated in Mewat region. The royal family of Bharatpur traces its history to the 11th century A.D. Lohagarh is another name given to the town of Bharatpur. Although a territory of Rajasthan, Bharatpur is also considered as a part of New Delhi Capital Region (NCR). Being home to the Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur is a sheer heaven for ornithologists.
Altitude: 183 meters (600 feet)
Founded on: 1733
Founded by: Maharaja Suraj Mal Singh
Location: Bharatpur is located in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is 182 kilometers away from Delhi and 57 kilometers away from Agra.
How to Reach:
By Road: The National Highway number 2 connects Delhi to Bharatpur via Mathura. The National Highway number 11 connects Jaipur to Bharatpur.
By Train: The Janata Express leaves from New Delhi at 1:45 PM and arrives in Bharatpur at 8:05 PM.
Best Time to Visit: October to March
Language Spoken: Hindi, English and Rajasthani
Famous Cuisines: Dal Baati Churma, Pakodi, Mawa Kachodi, Khud Khargosh, Bharwa Bhindi and Malpuas.
Famous For: Wildlife Tours
The history of Bharatpur dates back to 5,000 B.C. Pandavas, the heroes of Mahabharata war, are believed to have spent their 13th year of exile at this place. Bharatpur was once the capital of Jat kingdom ruled by Sinsinwar Maharajas. There are so many heroic stories of Jat clan against Mughal and British attacks associated with the land of Bharatpur. The history of Bharatpur is also affected by the advent of the British. Colonel Lake along with various British troops tried to siege Bharatpur four times but suffered a massive defeat. However, in 1825, Bharatpur was brought under the supremacy of British.
Culture of Bharatpur
The colorful festivals and friendly people of Bharatpur give indication about the vibrant culture of Bharatpur. The most popular festival of Bharatpur is Braj Festival which is celebrated after few days of Holi. The most important aspect of Bharatpur culture is the presence of joint families which is valued in both cities and villages.
In the markets of Bharatpur, one can choose to get the best kind of handicraft and handmade products such as fabrics and colorful clothes. Other famous markets of Bharatpur are Garjar market, Moti Kunj market and Sree ji Market etc.